Riverside is a city in the state of California. It is located in Riverside County and is also its administrative headquarters. With 303,983 inhabitants (last census in 2010), it is the twelfth largest city in California. The city area covers an area of 203 square kilometers and is part of the metropolitan area of Riverside-San Bernardino with a population of about 4.5 million.
|Situation in California|
|Time zone:||Pacific (UTC-8/-7)|
- metropolitan area:
|324,722 (status: 2016)|
4.527.837 (status: 2016)
|population density:||1,545.2 inhabitants per km2|
|area:||210,941 km2 (approx. 81 mi2)|
of which 210,152 km2 (approx. 81 mi2) country
|ZIP/postal Codes:||92501-92509, 92513-92519, 92521, 92522|
|area code:||+1 951|
Court of Appeal in Riverside (Court)
The city was founded in 1870 by John W. North and some Eastern residents. Riverside is well known as the starting point for the orange industry in California. In 1871, three Naveloran trees were planted here, which developed so well in the southern California climate that in 1882 there were already more than half a million orange trees in California, almost half of which grew in Riverside. All the orange trees in California still date from these three.
Riverside is the seat of the University of California, Riverside and California Baptist University, and La Sierra University. The city also has its own college (Riverside Community College).
Mission Inn, a famous hotel in Riverside, has been visited by many celebrities, including eight US presidents.
Riverside is located in the south of California and covers an area of almost 210.9 km², of which 210.2 km² is land and the rest is water. The city is 262 meters above sea level and has a population of 303,871 (stand: 2010).
Riverside is located about 58 km from the Pacific Ocean and is surrounded by mountains of various sizes. on some of them there is snow in winter. The Mount Rubidoux, a symbol of the city that has become a tourist attraction, is located within the city limits. In a southern direction is located outside the city limits of Lake Mathews.
Riverside is divided into 29 neighborhoods:
- Alessandro Heights
- Arlington Heights
- Arlington South
- Canyon Crest
- Casa Blanca
- Hawarden Hills
- Hillside Hunter Industrial Park
- Hunter Industrial Park
- La Sierra
- La Sierra Acres
- La Sierra Hills
- La Sierra South
- Magnolia Center
- Mission Grove
- Presidential Park
- Sycamore Canyon Park
- Sycamore Canyon Springs
- Wood Streets
In addition, it is planned to include other nearby municipalities, which would significantly increase both the population and the area of Riversides in the coming years. The idea of taking over Lake Hills/Victoria Grove is worth mentioning. This would extend the city's borders to Lake Mathews.
- 105 Sycamore/Central
- 112 caliber
- 115 Karger TT 34236
- 116 PIM
- A Center Street
- B Highgrove
- C Spring Mountain Ranch (92)
- D East Blane (116)
- E gateway (88)
- F University City (111)
- G Barton/Gem (103)
- H Woodcrest
- I Canyon Ridge (114)
- J Lake Hills/Victoria Grove/The Orchards (108)
Riverside is known for smog due to above-average air pollution. This is particularly caused by the unfavorable wind currents which lead the bad air from the Los Angeles basin to Riverside. In a 2003 comparison of the National Campaign Against Dirty Air Power, the area, which includes Riverside, San Bernardino and Ontario, was designated one of the most polluted regions in the US by year-round measurements.
Public transport has been promoted to reduce air pollution, with a metrolink station in Riverside and natural gas buses operating. These measures and cooperation with other cities and counties have significantly reduced the frequency of smog; the last smog warnings are decades ago and have now become history.
Riverside and the entire Southern California region are characterized by a hot summer climate. The average daytime temperature in July and August is often at least 33 degrees Celsius on average. The maximum temperature measured was 45 degrees. The rainfall is mainly concentrated in the winter months, whereas the summer months are characterized by low rainfall periods. The winter months are sometimes very mild due to the geographical situation: Temperatures in the range of 15 to more than 20 degrees in the winter are not uncommon. The record is 36 degrees Celsius in January and 34 degrees Celsius in December. The lowest temperature recorded so far in Riverside was -6 degrees Celsius. In contrast, the summer months are characterized by low rainfall periods.
Average monthly temperatures and rainfall for Riverside, California
Riverside was founded in 1870 and named after its location on the Santa Ana River. In 1893, when Riverside County was formed from San Bernardino County and San Diego County, Riverside was named County Seat.
Before the Spanish colonization of Mexico and Upper California, several Indians were present in the area of today's Riverside. Although it is not known that permanent settlements existed, later expeditions could document at least temporary villages on the Santa Ana River. The evidence is artifacts and holes in stones on the Mount Rubidoux, which served to ground flour.
The first documentation of the area in today's Riverside was made on March 20, 1774, when the Spanish Juan Bautista de Anza reached it with an expedition aimed at finding a good land connection from southern Mexico to Upper California. He and other members of his group described the area as a wonderful place smelling of rosemary and other herbs and offering enough pasture land for their horses and cattle. De Anza called this area Valle de Paraiso (Valley of the Paradise).
On December 31, 1775, De Anza returned to the city with an expedition to colonization. The group celebrated New Year on the banks of the Santa Ana River. The following day, the force crossed the river. A sign points to this place today.
In 1939, in memory of these explorations, a six-meter high statue, De Anzas, was built, financed by private donors and a grant from the Works Progress Administration. It was completed in May 1942 and now stands at the intersection of Market Street and 14th Street.
Establishment and creation of the orange industry
The real story of Riversides begins only with its foundation in 1870 by John W. North, a Tennessee Abolitionist who had already founded Northfield in Minnesota. The first inhabitants were members of the Abstinence movement and Republicans. After the foundation, there were four saloons in Riverside, which migrated due to an increase in royalties. Investors from Canada and England transferred the traditions and activities of citizens from their countries to the Riverside population, so that in this city the first golf and polo courts of Southern California were built.
In 1871, orange trees were first planted in Riverside, but the citrus industry is known for the Riverside, only three years later, when Eliza Tibbets, who is considered the founder of orange growing in California, was given three Brazilian orange trees by a friend. This species came from Bahia and became a great success in Southern California, although it had not grown well in Florida.
The three trees were planted on the land of Eliza Tibbets. One of them was already torn by a cow in the first year and went in. To better protect the two remaining trees, they were transferred to another plot. From there, each was replanted: One by US President Theodore Roosevelt on the site of the Hotel Mission Inn (this tree died in 1922), the other on the intersection of Magnolia and Arlington Avenue, along with a memorial stone for Eliza Tibbetan. This tree remains here to this day and is now protected by a fence.
These three orange trees were used as the basis for the orange industry in Riverside. The trees grew well in the southern California climate, so many thousands of Brazilian orange trees in Riverside were soon grown. The development of this industry can be traced today in an open-air museum and old packing houses. In 1882, there were more than half a million orange trees in all of California, and almost half of them grew in Riverside. The development of refrigerated railcars and a new irrigation system contributed to this boom, making Riverside the richest city per inhabitant in 1895.
When the city flourished, a small Mission Revival Style hotel was built, originally called Glenwood Tavern and now known as Mission Inn. It became the preferred accommodation for presidents, noblemen and movie stars who visited Riverside. For example, there was a special chair for President William Howard Taft in the hotel.
Over time, postcards with lush orange groves, swimming pools and magnificent houses have attracted both holidaymakers and businessmen. Some even moved to Riverside because the warm dry climate was good for their health, or because they wanted to escape the cold winters in the east of the US. The Victoria Avenue, an alley lined with orange trees, is a special reminder of European investors, who settled in Riverside, with its isolated houses from the beginning of the 20th century.
Riverside is the 61st largest city in the United States, the 12th largest city in California and its fourth largest city in the interior.
¹ 1980-2010: census results; 2016: US Census Bureau estimate
In 2010, according to the US census, 303,983 people lived in Riverside. The population rose by around 48,000 compared to 2000. In particular, the number of Latinos was increasing, accounting for almost half the population. Another large group of the population was the non-Latin American white population, with 34%. The number of African-Americans and Asian-Americans each stood at just over seven percent, making them minorities. The census also resulted in 91,000 households in the city. If the median age was exactly 30 years, then 97.6 men came to 100 women.
Riverside has Roman Catholic, Greek Orthodox and Protestant churches, synagogues, mosques, Hindu temples, a Buddhist community center and an atheistic organization.
Various religious ceremonies are held at the top of Mount Rubidoux, including the annual Easter Sunrise Service, which took place for the 10th time on April 12, 2009. A four-kilometer procession is also held every December from the Our Lady of Guadalupe Shrine to the summit. This tradition is intended to strengthen the perception of Juan Diego's gait on Mount Tepeyac in 1531, which Maria appeared there (Our Lady of Guadalupe).
Riverside is managed by a seven-member city council and a mayor appointed in a city-wide election; Rusty Bailey has been in office since 2012. In addition, the municipal services are provided by a Chief Executive.
In the Senate of California, Riverside belongs to the 31st century. The district currently represented by the Democrat Richard Roth. In the California State Assembly, the city is in the 60th and 61st centuries. constituencies represented by Republican Eric Linder and Democratic Jose Medina, respectively. Riverside also belongs to the 41st century. California's congressional district, which has a D+9 Cook Partisan Voting Index and is represented by the Democratic Mark Takano.
Riverside maintains town twinning with the following cities:
Sendai (Japan) Cuautla (Mexico) Ensenada (Mexico) Yiangmen (People's Republic of China) Gangnam (South Korea) Hyderabad (India) Obuasi (Ghana) Erlangen (Germany)
Riverside also has an economic partnership with the Mexican state of Oaxaca.
Culture and sights
The city is known for its historical Hotel Mission Inn, the Riverside County Historic Courthouse and the Riverside Fox Theater, where the movie From the Wind was premiered in 1939. Later acquired by the city, the theater was extensively renovated until 2009 as part of the Riverside Renaissance initiative. The capacity was increased to 1,600 seats and the stage expanded to allow Broadway-like performances. In January 2010, the renovated theater was reopened by a show with Sheryl Crow.
Riverside is also home to the world's largest paper cup, the Dixie Cup. It is 20.8 meters high and stands on Iowa Street in front of a former factory.
One of Riversides landmarks is the famous Mount Rubidoux near the Santa Ana River. It is located between the city of Jurupa Valley and Riverside. There are also three other major surveys, all undeveloped: Box Springs Mountain, Evans Hill and Tecolote Hill.
At the exit of California State Route 60 at the level of Riverside lies Fairmount Park. This is a natural oasis within the city designed by Frederick Law Olmsted. It includes a pond rich in species and offers shelter for many species of birds.
The March Joint Air Reserve Base separates Riverside east from Moreno Valley. Founded in 1918, this airbase is the oldest air force base in operation to the west of the Mississippi River.
Riverside is rich in museums of all kinds. Among the more famous are California Citrus State Historic Park and the March Field Air Museum. The Riverside International Automotive Museum, which, among other things, housed historic racing cars and one of the largest collections of Maserati vehicles in the United States, was closed after the death of co-founder Doug Magnon in June 2016 and the collection was auctioned.
Riverside also hosts regular events of all kinds, such as the Riverside International Film Festival.
In Riverside, scenes were shot for many famous films, including:
- market hype (1933)
- Today We Live (1933)
- The test pilot (1938)
- Victims of great love (1939)
- Grand Prix (1966)
- A great beetle (1968)
- Blue track (1969)
- Buddy Buddy (1981)
- Talon in the battle against the Empire (1982)
- What a genius (1985)
- Vibes - The hunt for the glowing pyramid (1988)
- Cannibalists in the avocado jungle of death (1989)
- Nixon (1995)
- The Man in the Iron Mask (1998)
- It's always worse. (2001)
- Eagle Eye - Out of control (2008)
From 1957 to 1989, the Riverside International Raceway was the winner of the Formula 1 race in 1960. The race track was closed to create space for a shopping center and settlements. Plans from 2003 to rebuild a race track have not been implemented.
Riverside was present in the Minor League baseball with a total of three teams.
Economy and infrastructure
Riverside is located on three major motorways, Interstate 215, California State Route 60 and California State Route 91, all of which meet at a junction in the north-east of Riverside.
The local bus company is the Riverside Transit Agency (RTA). Greyhound Lines, Amtrak California and several small operators provide local bus services.
Riverside has two metro stations on the left. The city is also served by the Southwest Chief.
The Riverside Municipal Airport (IATA code RAL) with its 1600 m long runway is located within the city limits. The Riverside Air Show takes place here every year. The closest big airport is Ontario airport, 19 miles north-west.
Riverside is the site of several higher education institutions, including the University of California, Riverside, which is famous for its 16-hectare botanical garden with more than 3,500 plants from around the world.
There are also many high schools, most of which are public, some private.
Sons and daughters of the city
- Steve Agee (* 1969), actor, comedian and author
- Eula Beal (1919-2008), concert and opera singer
- Hiram Hudson Benedict (1901-1984), architect
- Barry Bonds (* 1964), baseball player
- Jasmine Byrne (* 1985), porn actress and model
- Larry Christiansen (* 1956), chess master
- Allen Cunningham (* 1977), professional poker player
- Jaye Davidson (* 1968), actor and model
- Leland Fuller (1899-1962), scene designer
- David Gilliland (* 1976), racing driver
- Dave Hunt (1926-2013), Apologet
- Duncan Hunter (* 1948), politician
- Don Imus (1940-2019), radio moderator
- Phil Ivey (* 1977), professional poker player
- J. F. Lawton (* 1960), screenwriter, film director and producer
- Scotty Leavenworth (* 1990), actor
- Amy Lee (* 1981), singer of Evanescence, pianist and songwriter
- Malcolm Lee (* 1990), basketball player
- Kawhi Leonard (* 1991), basketball player
- Candice LeRae (* 1985), wrestler
- Amy Leverenz (* 1951), singer
- Josesito López (* 1984), Boxer
- Rodney Mall, entrepreneur and car driver
- Chad Marshall (* 1984), soccer player
- Kellie Martin (* 1975), actress and director
- Tatum McCann (* 1999), actress
- Cheryl Miller (* 1964), basketball player
- Reggie Miller (* 1965), basketball player
- T. Mills (* 1989), Rapper
- Marguerite Moreau (* 1977), actress
- Rod Piazza (* 1947), musician
- Scarlett Pomers (* 1988), actress and singer
- John Raphael Quinn (1929-2017), Roman Catholic priest, Archbishop of San Francisco
- Gino Robair (* 1963), musician
- Ronda Rousey (* 1987), MMA-Fighter and actress
- Alia Shawkat (* 1989), actress
- Suicide Silence, Death Core Band
- Marvin Stalder (1905-1982), Ruderer
- Billy Vera (* 1944), singer, actor, writer and music historian
- Garrett Wang (born 1968), actor (Star Trek: Voyager)
- Tyree Washington (* 1976), athlete
- Otto P. Weyland (1902-1979), US Air Force General